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FONDEO DE UNA LINEA DE 5 CORRENTOMETROS EN EL ESTRECHO DE GIBRALTAR A UNA PROFUNDIDAD DE 450 m\nPERFILES DE CTD
FONDEO DE CADENA DE TERMISTORES Y 3 CORRENTOMETROS EN PUNTA EUROPA, AL SUR DEL ESTRECHO DE GIBRALTAR.\nSONDEO CON CTD EN LA BOCA ESTE DEL ESTRECHO PARA CONOCIEMIENTO DE LA HIDROLOGIA DE LA ZONA.
The tidal gauge of Algeciras is located at the harbour and it measures sea level from November 2006 onwards. This station is a replacement gauge for the former Algeciras tide gauge (PSMSL ID 490) with records from 1943 to 2002.
The tidal gauge of Málaga is located at the harbour and it measures sea level from 1943 onwards, with a gap between 1959 and 1961.
The tidal gauge of Algeciras was located at the harbour and it measured sea level from 1943 to 2002. A new tide gauge (PSMSL ID 2117) replaced this stations with records from 2006 onwards.
<p style="margin-left:0cm; margin-right:0cm">This multidisciplinary and integrated study comprises geophysical, sedimentological and (bio)geochemical data and aims to present a holistic view on the interaction of both environmental and geological drivers in cold-water coral mound development in the Gulf of Cadiz. In this context, it was fundamental to obtain "samples from the deep" to explore and characterize the biodiversity thought (1) geophysical and video imaging, (2) targeted microbiological profiling, (3) evaluation of present and past oceanic conditions.</p> <p style="margin-left:0cm; margin-right:0cm">Targeted microbiological and biogeochemical transects with long sediment cores were proposed to elicit the 3D spatial architecture and diversity of the microbial mound community and its possible role in slope stabilization. Off-mound cores were also targeted in order to evaluate present and past oceanic conditions by dating of the cored sequences and by reconstruction of water mass and sedimentary dynamics variability for eliciting the time frame of natural biodiversity changes.</p> <p style="margin-left:0cm; margin-right:0cm">The key objective aiming to investigate the microbial diversity and the functional link microbes-metazoans was addressed through biogeochemical approaches (biomarkers), molecular fingerprinting (DGGE, 16S rRNA), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and laboratory culture. This also includes the analysis of microbial infestation of coral frame builders and fauna-microbe interactions, in general, and the analysis of microbially mediated processes of carbonate precipitation, at various sites and scales: coral mucus, carbonate crusts, mound slopes, mound interior.</p> <p style="margin-left:0cm; margin-right:0cm">The sites targeting was mainly prepared by geophysical surveying (high-resolution sparker seismics, multibeam bathymetry) and ROV imagery, performed by RCMG (Ghent University). Especially the location of all on-mound core sites was determined from interpretation of the ROV Genesis dives during the CADIPOR III campaign of June 2007 on board of R/V Belgica. Additional information was made available through cooperation within past or ongoing European projects such as ESF EuroMARGINS "Moundforce", EC FP5 RTN "EURODOM" and EC FP6 IP "HERMES". Although the MiCROSYSTEMS-MD169 cruise focus was on the Pen Duick Escarpment (PDE), (8 sites, Figures 1 and 2) also other sites such as Conger Cliff (Vernadsky Ridge) and Mercator Mud Volcano were sampled. Special attention was given to the two proposed drill sites for IODP Full proposal 673 "Atlantic Mound Drilling 2: Morocco Margin". A total of five main site locations were identified:<br> 1)The Pen Duick Mounds: Alpha, Beta, Gamma and Epsilon Mounds,<br> 2) The Vernadsky Ridge mounds: Conger Cliff,<br> 3) A depression site at the foot of PDE,<br> 4) Palaeoceanographic reference sites,<br> 5) Mercator Mud Volcano.</p> <p style="margin-left:0cm; margin-right:0cm; text-align:center"><img alt="" src="https://campagnes.flotteoceanographique.fr/campagnes/8200100/images/426.png" style="height:244px; width:500px"></p> <p style="margin-left:0cm; margin-right:0cm"><em>Figure 1: Shipboard map of the SF11 multibeam bathymetry with site tracks.</em></p> <p style="margin-left:0cm; margin-right:0cm">The coring and subsampling strategies used during this campaign were predominantly site-dependent, distinguishing between "on-mound" and "off-mound" sites. Every on-mound site was cored at least two times; one core for geochemistry and microbiology, to be sampled immediately on board, and a second core for sedimentology, palaeoceanography and chronostratigraphy, to be left unopened and stored immediately.
Analyze and evaluate the environmental impact on the coastal area of Gibraltar caused by the dumping of concrete and rock blocks into the sea.
The aim of this cruise was to collect surficial sediments from different areas of the Mediterranean Spanish coast for studying the spatial and temporal trends of persistent organic pollutants (organochlorinted pollutants, trace metals and aromatic hydrocarbons) and metal contamination in this environmental matrix. This cruise was included in the activities of the project 2-ESMARME from the IEO (Spanish Oceanographic Institute). This project gives fulfillment to the Annex II of the mission of management of the Ministry of Environment and Rural and Marine Affairs to the IEO on scientific and technical assistance related to the monitoring of the marine contamination and biological effects in the Mediterranean coast of Spain, within the framework of the Barcelona Convention for the protection of the marine environment and the coastal Region of the Mediterranean Sea.
Campaign for sampling GIFT series in which to analyze physicochemical variables that will: - Monitor thermohaline and biogeochemical characteristics of the water masses converge in the Strait of Gibraltar - Study of the flow of carbon greenhouse gases, methane and nitrous oxide from the Atlantic and Mediterranean and the processes involved in its regulation. - Evaluation of the exchange of CO2, CH4 and N2O ocean-atmosphere.